Diving South-America, with both its coasts, the Atlantic and the Pacific, can be equally beautiful as challenging! From it's caribbean islands and coast up north, to the polar waters of Tierra del Fuego. And in between whales migrating to either cooler or warmer waters along the Pacific coastline, not forgetting the unusual islands of Galapagos and Easter Island! Ready to dive the South America continent?
Some fascinating scuba diving areas in this continent are diving in Ecuador -diving the Galapagos, diving Venezuela, diving Brazil, diving Argentina, and diving Chile -diving Easter Island.
Reef fish, sea lions, sting rays, golden rays, eagle rays, invertebrates, morays, garden eels, turtles, marine iguanas, white tip reef sharks, hammerheads, whale sharks, whales, pelagic fish - all this adds up to just one thing - Galapagos Islands scuba diving. Being voted one of the top diving spots year after year isn't a surprise. There are few to no places left in the world where an entire archipalego is virtually free of commercial fishing, leaving the waters left to those who want to swim and and watch the action unfold in the deep, clean waters of the Pacific.
After several attempts to protect the surrounding waters, in March 13, 1996, the Galapagos Marine Reserve was declared with 70.000 square Km. and 1.400 Km of coast. In 1989 CEDAM Intl. Declared the Galapagos islands "One of the seven underwater wonders of the world", and in 2001 The islands were declared "Natural Heritage".
Diving in Brazil has amazing dive sites to offer, from the inland fresh water diving in Bonito, to the multiple achipelagos along its coast, to mention diving in Fernando de Noronha, considered the best dive site in Brazil, as it is the most untouched spot, simply gorgeous on the surface, and appealing to everyone. Or diving in Abrolhos, with very calm, shallow and relaxed dives, and though the visibility is not as good as Noronha, the richness of the corals and marine life is incredible.
The best spots for scuba diving in the south of Brazil are between São Paulo & Rio de Janeiro. Of course they are not as good as mentioned sites in the northeast, but comparing world wide, this region is very good as well. To indicate some spots in the area should be Barra do Una, Ubatuba, Paraty, Ilha Grande and Arraial do Cabo.
The sun filters through the warm blue-green waters. The only sound you hear is your own breathing. Los Roques scuba diving paradise in Venezuela diving Caribbean. From the depths, a large barracuda glides by, and then a squirrel fish and a red snapper. You swim deeper to get a better look at the dazzling colors of the beautiful yet fragile Cabecera de Los Roques barrier reef. You are taking a fantastic voyage into one of the world's most spectacular locations for scuba diving and snorkeling.
Los Roques are the southernmost of the Caribbean islands and arguably the most spectacular. Boasting over 50 islands surrounding a huge lagoon, Los Roques feature pristine white sand beaches and a variety of wildlife, including iguanas, salamanders and black lizards. Located 70 miles north of Caracas, and a one-hour flight from Margarita Island, Los Roques archipelago is one of the biggest National Sea Parks in the Caribbean.
Although not the most popular diving area, not for its interest, it indeed looks awesome!! but because of its temperatures and costs, we are introducing here a particular type of diving here: how about diving in Argentina in its polar waters? Diving in Ushuaia in addition to the fascinating submarine life developed in these latitudes, the shipwrecks that silently dwell the cold subantarctic seas have a particular attraction on divers. In this singular city, any adventure or sport activity acquires a particular kind of relevance. One of the most attractive and challenging is scuba diving, not only due to the natural conditions typical of these latitudes, but also due to the fascinating spots that may be discovered under the cold southern waters.
In principle, it is essential to contact the local instructors in order to dive in Ushuaia. They will provide all the necessary technique and show adventurers around the places authorized for this kind of dive. In addition to handling the basic diving techniques, it is necessary to become familiar with the dry suit, appropriate for the temperature of the waters, ranging between 8º and 10ºC in the summer and from 2º to 4ºC in the winter. If divers have the correct equipment, they can go underwater at any time of the year, bearing in mind that visibility reaches 20 meters in the winter whereas it only gets to 7 meters in the summer, due to the large amount of plankton present in the sea during that season.
Diving in Chile offers some coastal diving in the plankton-rich waters of the Pacific Ocean's Humboldt Current, particularly in the temperate zone from La Serena to Arica. But the main attraction for divers is Diving the Easter Island, which lies 2,300 miles offshore. The island rests on a broad submarine volcanic ridge that supports 144 species of algae and 111 species of tropical and pelagic fish. Six species of corals grow in shallow water around the island, though there are no coral reefs. About one-fifth of all marine flora and fauna is endemic. Visibility in these cobalt seas can exceed 120 feet. Undercurrent readers seem to agree that Easter Island offers a unique, if limited, dive experience. Except for a few spectacular sites in the Motu Nui Islets off the island's southwest shore, fish life is sparse and corals are drab. Local operators keep the diving safe for beginners, and combine two-tank morning dives with afternoon archeological excursions to see the island's famed stone statues, known as moai, plus other historic sights.